Smart Agriculture using the Internet of Things
With the increasing popularity of the Internet of Things (IoT), connected devices have penetrated every aspect of our lives, from health and fitness, home automation, automotive and logistics, smart cities, and the industrial Internet of Things.
It is therefore logical that the Internet of Things, connected devices, and automation will find applications in agriculture, and thus greatly improve many aspects of agricultural practice. When self-driving cars and virtual reality are no longer a fantasy in science fiction but are something that happens every day, how can people rely on horses and plows for farming?
Over the past few decades, agriculture has undergone many technological changes, becoming more industrialized and technology-driven. By using a variety of smart agricultural gadgets, farmers have better control over raising livestock and growing crops, making them more predictable and efficient.
this article, we will explore IoT use cases in agriculture and examine their benefits. If you’re thinking about investing in smart agriculture or planning to build an IoT solution for agriculture, get started.
What is smart agriculture? Definition and market size
There are many sayings about modern agriculture. For example, AgriTech refers to the general application of technology in agriculture.
On the other hand, smart agriculture is mainly used to indicate the application of IoT solutions in agriculture.
Benefits of Agriculture: How the Internet of Things Shapes Agriculture
Technology and the Internet of Things have the potential to transform smart agriculture using iot in many ways. That said, there are five ways the IoT can improve agriculture:
- Extensive data collected by smart agricultural sensors, such as weather conditions, soil quality, crop growth processes or cattle health. This data can be used to track your business status, as well as employee performance, equipment efficiency, and more.
- Better control of internal processes to reduce production risks. Being able to foresee the output of your products enables you to plan for better product distribution. If you know exactly how many crops you are going to harvest, you can be sure that your product will not go unsold.
- With increased control over production, cost management and reduced waste. Being able to see any abnormalities in crop growth or livestock health, you will be able to mitigate the risk of losing production.
- Improve business efficiency through process automation. With smart devices, you can automate multiple processes, such as irrigation, fertilization or pest control, during the production cycle.
- Improve product quality and yield. Better control of the production process through automation, and maintain high standards of crop quality and growth capacity.
Therefore, all these factors will ultimately lead to higher income.
Now that we have outlined how the Internet of Things can be beneficially applied in agriculture, let’s look at how the listed benefits can be applied in real life.
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Use cases for IoT in agriculture
There are many types of IoT sensors and IoT applications that can be used in agriculture:
- Monitoring climatic conditions
- Probably the most popular smart agricultural device is the weather station, which combines various smart agricultural sensors. Throughout the field, they collect various data from the environment and send it to the cloud. The measurements provided can be used to map climatic conditions, select appropriate crops, and take necessary measures to increase their productivity (i.e. intensive cultivation).Some examples of agricultural IoT devices are Smart Elements and Pycno.
- Greenhouse automation